Economic Development


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Columbia, TN is a hub for new commercial and residential development. The county seat and heart of Maury County, TN, Columbia and Maury County have led South Central Tennessee in population growth, retail sales, and employment over the past decade. Columbia is home to Columbia State Community College, Maury Regional Medical Center - the largest medical center from Nashville to Huntsville - and hosts a robust and active environment for commerce from the city’s historic commercial district to new commercial and industrial areas within the city.


Rich in history, Columbia is one of Tennessee’s oldest and most prominent historic cities, which was established in 1807. Along with its unique history, Columbia is also known as the Mule Capital of the World due to the city’s agricultural history and ongoing status in an active agricultural South Central Tennessee region. Each April, the Maury County Bridle and Saddle Club hosts “Mule Day,” offering a week-long festival that attracts more than 100,000 visitors annually.


Columbia is a strategic location for doing business in that it features an extensively connected infrastructure network and is centrally located centrally in Tennessee, a region that connects the Mid-South region to the eastern portion of the United States.


Conveniently located at interstate I-65, Columbia serves as the economic center of South Central region, a retail and commerce hub that serves cities and counties that ring Columbia located west, south and east of the city.

The city is also a member of the Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) located in the southern portion of the MPO’s planning area, which ties the city to the Nashville Metro Region’s transportation network, allowing Columbia to participate in long-range regional transportation planning within Tennessee’s fastest growing region. See Where is Columbia?


Access to two major rail lines – CSX Transportation & TN Southern Railroad – vast interstate and highway infrastructure that includes I-65 and a network of US and state highways, and a regional airport give Columbia the advantage for businesses looking to grow and expand.